Biography of Mother Teresa



Biography of Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa born in August 26th 1910 in Skopje , Ottoman Empire , was one of her humanitarian through aid projects for the poor world-famous Catholic nun and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize (1979).
As a Roman Catholic nun , first in the Order of Loreto and later founded her in the Order of the Missionaries of Charity , "took her life after the evangelical counsels . From the Roman Catholic Church in 2003 they saved spoken.


Early Life and Education of Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa was on 26 August 1910 as AnjezĂ« (Agnes) Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje in the area of present-day Macedonia was born. Gonxha (the Albanian word for "flower bud") grew up in a wealthy Catholic Albanian to family. Her father Nikolle Bojaxhiu, a merchant, is originally from the Mirdita , a region in northern Albania and lived many years in Prizren , and their Mother Drane from Novosella a village in the district of Gjakova in Kosovo . She was brought up by their parents, very religious. She completed her schooling at a Catholic girls' school in Shkodra . When she was eight years old, her father died unexpectedly , they then devoted himself more to the faith. At the age of twelve, she chose a life as a nun, and asked the age of 18 years for admission to the Order of the Loreto sisters . The Sisters of the Blessed Virgin Mary, an Irish branch of the "English Ladies" (IBMV) , especially at that time engaged in education in Bengal / India . She could not immediately begin their work in India, however, but only became the mother house of the Loreto sisters to Ireland sent. On 28 September 1928, she traveled from Skopje to Ireland. After only two months, they could in the house of the Loreto Order in Bengal act. In Calcutta, she put her first profession from. Then it was 17 years in the St. Mary's School in Calcutta, where she first as a teacher, then worked as a director.


Work in India 
On one of her many trips through the crowded city of Calcutta on the 10th they will September 1946 have felt divine calling to help the poor. In her diary she describes the experience as a mystical encounter with Jesus, who had asked to give up everything and follow him into the slums - to give it the poorest of the poor to serve in the [4] . Only two years later, she received permission to leave the Loreto sisters. Mother Teresa was exklaustriert , that she could leave the Order, without their religious status as a nun to have to abandon. From then lived Mother Teresa in Calcutta, where she worked first as a single person until you joined some former students. A now-famous portrait of the magazine Life earned her the nickname "Saint of the Gutters" ("saint of the gutter") a. 
Mother Teresa had even adopted Indian citizenship in 1948 and 1950 founded the Order of the Missionaries of Charity . " Like all Catholic religious commitment in the members of the so-called evangelical counsels of chastity, poverty and obedience. Later the order was from the Pope acknowledged. The Order takes special care of the dying, orphans and the sick, his special commitment lies in the care of lepers . Today, more than 3,000 nuns and 500 monks in 710 houses in 133 countries around the world to the Order of Mother Teresa on. For her work she was attributable to numerous awards. The most important were the Balzan Prize for Humanity, peace and brotherhood among peoples in 1978 and the Nobel Peace Prize 1979th 
To the often lack of medical training of their employees used to reply to Mother Teresa: "Not the result, but the fidelity of faith is important." In addition to worldwide recognition for its work has been criticized for their conservative ideology. [5] They saw abortion policy in many countries the "biggest threat to world peace." As should be coordinated in Ireland as to whether the divorce should be legalized, she called the Irishman to do, to vote "no." 
Established in 2007 by Brian Kolodiejchuk, the postulator her canonization process, in a book published diaries and letters of Mother Teresa in evidence that they are for decades in a serious crisis of faith was. Their massive doubts about the existence of God will soon set up their order and after they have until their deaths no longer leave. [6] This uncertainty also had them on their work and sense of honesty, the importance of church rituals and sacraments ( such as prayer, Mass and confession), and doubt their relationship to other people. In descriptive passages, she writes: "In my mind it is cold" or "souls do not pull me more - the sky is nothing more - for me it looks like an empty seat. The one"


Death and beatification of Mother Teresa
A few days after the death of Princess Diana , whom she had regrets very much, mother Teresa died on 5 September 1997. On 13 September 1997 was buried Mother Teresa in Calcutta with a state funeral and with great sympathy of world public opinion in the monastery, which she had founded, buried at his own request.
The beatification and canonization process began in June 1999. This was done with special permission of Pope John Paul II , as this process usually less than five years after the death of a person may be discharged. The beatification took place on 19 October 2003 and was then carried out as quickly as the beatification of modern times. The Mother Teresa in a letter to her confessors expressed doubts about the existence of God and Jesus Christ, according to the Cardinals no obstacle to a possible canonization, because faith difficulty ("dark night of the soul") for many saints appear.