What is Kathak ?

Kathak is an Indian dance style , which, especially in North India, in Punjab and in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It developed since the 13th Century by itinerant bards                                                                    
and storytellers from the box came, whose job it was to religious songs ( Bhajan andGhazal ) to accompany singing and dancing to. Most of these songs is about the life of Vishnu and Krishna , as a result of the rule of MuslimArabs, however, changing themes and music of the Kathak essential, as this art form before courts has been offered at all, now, where local artists Persian and Arab musicians met. There have now been taken up in addition to the religious and secular themes. Existed for the traditional dances of Hindu poets like Jayadeva , Kabir , Tulsidas and the Vishnuism preaching Chaitanya .
Since 18 Century there were three villages and clans, in which the Kathak has developed significantly. The Jaipur - Gharana school inVrindavan , which are characterized by fast footwork and rhythm characterized the Lucknow Gharana-School, which was characterized by lyrical elements and Janki Prasad Ghanara-school, in Varanasi and Lahore had, and their style to the elements by slow footwork and chanted sound syllables distinguished. Today there are many dance centers and universities in India, Kathak teaching. Usually called a singer, accompanied by a tabla or Pakhawaj the beginning of a Kathak performance Ganesha on. Then the stage with flowers and incense is venerated. Kathak is danced by women and men, often as a solo dance. Unlike some of south Indian dance styles will be no dancing on the outermost edge of the sole, but on the flat foot and the toes. The dancers wear up to 150 bells, and bells on his ankles, which emphasize the footwork, which is especially important in Kathak. Too many turns, jumps and spins are part of the dance, the position is mainly vertical. The narrative Abhinaya parts are almost done only with hands, fingers and arms to mimic an economical, the basic position is often quiet with feet together or sitting. After the opening invocation followed by shorter dances, their sequence is not fixed. There are up to a hundred more dance-scale pieces such as the Tukras and Parana, where the dancers responded to the call volume of hard syllables, but also dances to religious poems and dances to mystical love poems. In Gats episodes from the life of Krishna are depicted, with the dancers represent multiple characters. The folkloric groups Raslila is listed in and tells the story of Krishna, Radha and the Gopis (Kuhhirtinnen).

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