Biography of Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhash Chandra Bose was a Bengali in Cuttack in Orissa today as the
ninth of fourteen children born family. In his youth, he was strongly
influenced by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda's influence. Despite
these training in Cambridge Subhash decided in favor of the Indian freedom
struggle against the entry into the British civil service. He met
Mahatma Gandhi and joined the Indian National Congress one. In Gandhi's
teaching, he worked for the Bengali Chittaranjan's, as he later
described his political teacher. Subhash has developed a great talent in
organizational matters. He rose in the Government of Calcutta finally to
the mayor, and was leader of the youth wing of his party. Subhash's
blatantly strongly anti-British attitude earned him 1920-1941 eleven
o'clock prison stays, lasting up to three years. In 1927 he was with
Jawaharlal Nehru, the Congress party general secretary. Radical the
other leading members of the Indian National Congress was as Subhash on
immediate and comprehensive sovereignty of India. He managed to younger
members of the party leadership, as Nehru to win for his position, so
that this goal was ultimately included in the party program. He appeared
in opposition to the ideas of Gandhi.From 1933 to 1936, Subhash was in
Europe, where he performed for Benito Mussolini , Edvard Beneš , Clement
Attlee and Romain Rolland met. He was convinced that the freedom of India
can only be realized with external political support. He also believed in
the necessity of an initially strong authoritarian leadership of
independent India, following the example of Turkey,Kemal Ataturk .
Subhash Chandra Subhash married Emilie Schenkl in 1937, the Austrian Bad
Gastein from this compound was later Augsburg University professor Anita
Subhash Pfaff forth. He protested against the German government against the
German race laws, of which the Indians living in Germany were affected.
With the approach of the Second World War Subhash warned against British
Indians as well, India pull it into a war. Subhash was in that period,
elected party chairman in 1937 and 1939, where he prevailed in the second
round against the candidate supported by Mahatma Gandhi. After his second
election he tried to introduce a resolution that would force the British,
under threat of a militant revolt to surrender India to the Indians
within six months. He met with strong opposition within his own ranks and
stood down from his post. Subhash founded in 1939, theForward Bloc party
flow. As feared, he said the British Governor General, without consulting
the leading Indian political forces after the outbreak of war the state
of war for India in favor of Britain. Then came the governments of the
Congress party in the seven states in India ruled by them back and Subhash
launched a mass movement against the use of Indian resources and troops
for the war and as a pillar of the British Empire . He was arrested
again, after his hunger strike, however, the British placed him under
house arrest because they feared riots in the event that something should
happen to him in prison. 1941 Subhash Chandra Subhash escaped unnoticed by
the British first to Kabul. By land he came to Moscow to Germany, where
he in February 1942, a radio broadcast for the liberation of India in
calling. Subhash sought to help with the German authorities for its proposal
to the independence of India. After several attempts and under the
supervision of Adam von Trott he succeeded Adolf Hitler to take. This
was initially skeptical. Finally he agreed but a fact of Indian prisoners
of war, a volunteer corps - Legion Free India " should be - to form,
first on the German side, and possibly later in India fight it. Moreover,
Hitler Subhash pointed to the Japanese, on the Asian continent were much
closer to India and already Dutch, British and French colonies occupied.
Subhash recruited among the Indian prisoners for volunteers for his idea.
The Indian Legionwas then in Saxony-Anhalt, Anna Castle and Saxon
Königsbrück (early 1944 on the grounds of the local training area
established) and the Waffen-SS assumed. The Indian soldiers wearing army
uniform and many to even turbans. Their oath they took off on both
Hitler and Subhash.
On 8 Subhash left Germany in February 1943 from Kiel by U-boat U 180 in the
direction of Japan, was on 28 April 1943 in Madagascar by the Japanese
submarine I-29 and over in Japanese-occupied Singapore well received. He
was leader of the Indian army declared, a Japanese auxiliary force
consisting of about 40,000 Indians from Singapore, which is made up of
British POWs and Indian plantation workers in Southeast Asia and he
recruited the Indian National Army (INA) expanded. Subhash Chandra Subhash
founded on 21 October 1943 a government in exile under the name of Azad
Hind (Free India), by the Axis powers was recognized. India belongs to
the archipelago of Andaman and Nicobar Islands were the Japanese
government and pro forma to Subhash, the INA passed from what remained
without practical consequences.
During the great Bengal famine in 1943 Subhash gave the British colonial
government for the supply of rice from Burma to. This operation was the
British in India and Britain rejected, two million Bengalis were killed.
The Japanese, even in India has little interest, because now even from
the war and their defeat by the Allies in the Pacific weakened leaving
the regiment, the Indians, the Burmese out with three divisions of the
Indian frontier marched on and the Japanese spring offensive in 1944 took
part in . The Japanese surrender after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima
and Nagasaki changed the situation and brought the intended march on
Delhi to a standstill. The Indian National Army capitulated necessarily
simultaneously. Subhash was at that time in Singapore and wanted in August,
before the surrender of Japan, after Tokyo fly. His plane will be on 18
August 1945 over Taiwan crash, the spot has to be burned at his funeral.
Speculation about Subhash's stay in India were nonetheless loud, and his
death was often denied. Inspired by the statement of the Taiwanese
government that it falls between 14 August and 20 September 1945 plane
crash area where no Taiwanese have to, conspiracy theories, believes even
an Indian, Subhash was in Soviet captivity in Siberia died.There are however
also not sufficient evidence. Other reports that the overloaded plane
crashed at the start and the fuel to be loaded up in flames. On to the
resulting burns Subhash had died the next day. The report of a Commission of
Inquiry on Subhash's fate was handed over to the Indian government in
November 2005.